S. Pearson and J. Mcmahon, Lower Limb Mechanical Properties, Sports Medicine, vol.22, issue.6, pp.929-969, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/BF03262304

R. Blickhan, The spring-mass model for running and hopping, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.22, issue.11-12, pp.11-121217, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(89)90224-8

C. Farley and D. Ferris, 10 Biomechanics of Walking and Running, Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, vol.26, issue.1, pp.253-86, 1998.
DOI : 10.1249/00003677-199800260-00012

T. Mcmahon and G. Cheng, The mechanics of running: How does stiffness couple with speed?, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.23, issue.S1, pp.65-78, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(90)90042-2

W. Hopkins, Impact factors of journals in sport and exercise science and medicine for 2011, Sportscience, vol.15, pp.15-22, 2011.

T. Mcmahon, G. Valiant, and E. Frederick, Groucho running, J Appl Physiol, vol.62, issue.6, pp.2326-2363, 1987.

C. Farley, R. Blickhan, and J. Saito, Hopping frequency in humans: a test of how springs set stride frequency in bouncing gaits, J Appl Physiol, vol.71, issue.6, pp.2127-2159, 1991.

C. Farley, J. Glasheen, and T. Mcmahon, Running springs: speed and animal size, J Exp Biol, vol.185, pp.71-86, 1993.

H. Geyer, A. Seyfarth, and R. Blickhan, Spring-mass running: simple approximate solution and application to gait stability, Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol.232, issue.3, pp.315-343, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.08.015

A. Seyfarth, H. Geyer, and M. Gunther, A movement criterion for running, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.35, issue.5, pp.649-55, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00245-7

G. Laffaye, B. Bardy, and A. Durey, Leg Stiffness and Expertise in Men Jumping, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.37, issue.4, pp.536-579, 2005.
DOI : 10.1249/01.MSS.0000158991.17211.13

S. Kuitunen, P. Komi, and H. Kyrolainen, Knee and ankle joint stiffness in sprint running, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.34, issue.1, pp.166-73, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-200201000-00025

M. Taylor and R. Beneke, Spring mass characteristics of the fastest men on earth, Int J Sports Med, vol.33, issue.8, pp.667-70, 2012.

O. Girard, J. Micallef, and G. Millet, Changes In Spring-mass Model Characteristics During Repeated Running Sprints, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.42, issue.1, pp.125-159, 2011.
DOI : 10.1249/01.MSS.0000384848.99819.b1

O. Girard, S. Racinais, and L. Kelly, Repeated sprinting on natural grass impairs vertical stiffness but does not alter plantar loading in soccer players, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.41, issue.2, pp.2547-55, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s00421-011-1884-5

J. Morin, T. Jeannin, and B. Chevallier, Spring-Mass Model Characteristics During Sprint Running: Correlation with Performance and Fatigue-Induced Changes, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.27, issue.2, pp.158-65, 2006.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2005-837569

J. Morin, K. Tomazin, and P. Samozino, High-intensity sprint fatigue does not alter constant-submaximal velocity running mechanics and spring-mass behavior, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.35, issue.Suppl 1, pp.1419-1447, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s00421-011-2103-0

I. Hunter and G. Smith, Preferred and optimal stride frequency, stiffness and economy: changes with fatigue during a 1-h high-intensity run, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.16, issue.6, pp.653-61, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/s00421-007-0456-1

G. Rabita, J. Slawinski, and O. Girard, Spring-Mass Behavior during Exhaustive Run at Constant Velocity in Elite Triathletes, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.43, issue.4, pp.685-92, 2011.
DOI : 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181fb3793

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01469459

J. Slawinski, R. Heubert, J. Quievre, V. Billat, and C. Hannon, Changes in Spring-Mass Model Parameters and Energy Cost During Track Running to Exhaustion, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol.22, issue.3, pp.930-936, 2008.
DOI : 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816a4475

D. Dutto and G. Smith, Changes in spring-mass characteristics during treadmill running to exhaustion, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.34, issue.8, pp.1324-1355, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-200208000-00014

J. Morin, P. Samozino, and G. Millet, Changes in Running Kinematics, Kinetics, and Spring-Mass Behavior over a 24-h Run, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.43, issue.5, pp.829-865, 2011.
DOI : 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181fec518

J. Morin, K. Tomazin, P. Edouard, and G. Millet, Changes in running mechanics and spring???mass behavior induced by a mountain ultra-marathon race, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.44, issue.6, pp.1104-1111, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.01.028

G. Dalleau, A. Belli, and M. Bourdin, The spring-mass model and the energy cost of treadmill running, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.77, issue.3, pp.257-63, 1998.
DOI : 10.1007/s004210050330

G. Heise and P. Martin, ???Leg spring??? characteristics and the aerobic demand of running, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.30, issue.5, pp.750-754, 1998.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-199805000-00017

P. Di-prampero, G. Atchou, and J. Bruckner, The energetics of endurance running, European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol.213, issue.3, pp.259-66, 1986.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02343797

G. Millet, B. Jaouen, and F. Borrani, Effects of concurrent endurance and strength training on running economy and &OV0312;O2 kinetics, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.34, issue.8, pp.1351-1360, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-200208000-00018

J. Morin, P. Samozino, and K. Zameziati, Effects of altered stride frequency and contact time on leg-spring behavior in human running, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.40, issue.15, pp.3341-3349, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2007.05.001

C. Cornu, A. Silveira, M. Goubel, and F. , Influence of plyometric training on the mechanical impedance of the human ankle joint, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.76, issue.3
DOI : 10.1007/s004210050249

A. Foure, A. Nordez, and C. Cornu, Plyometric training effects on Achilles tendon stiffness and dissipative properties, Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.109, issue.3, pp.849-54, 2010.
DOI : 10.1152/japplphysiol.01150.2009

A. Foure, A. Nordez, and C. Cornu, Effects of plyometric training on passive stiffness of gastrocnemii muscles and Achilles tendon, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.17, issue.8
DOI : 10.1007/s00421-011-2256-x

A. Foure, A. Nordez, and M. Guette, and the musculo-articular complex of the ankle joint, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol.19, issue.6, pp.811-819, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2008.00853.x

A. Foure, A. Nordez, and P. Mcnair, Effects of plyometric training on both active and passive parts of the plantarflexors series elastic component stiffness of muscle???tendon complex, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.29, issue.3, pp.539-587, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s00421-010-1667-4

J. Bojsen-moller, S. Magnusson, and L. Rasmussen, Muscle performance during maximal isometric and dynamic contractions is influenced by the stiffness of the tendinous structures, Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.99, issue.3, pp.986-94, 2005.
DOI : 10.1152/japplphysiol.01305.2004

K. Kubo, M. Morimoto, and T. Komuro, Influences of tendon stiffness, joint stiffness, and electromyographic activity on jump performances using single joint, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.71, issue.3, pp.235-278, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/s00421-006-0338-y

G. Rabita, A. Couturier, and D. Lambertz, Intrinsic Ankle and Hopping Leg-Spring Stiffness in Distance Runners and Aerobic Gymnasts, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.32, issue.07, pp.552-560, 2011.
DOI : 10.1055/s-0031-1273756

R. Spurrs, A. Murphy, and M. Watsford, The effect of plyometric training on distance running performance, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.89, issue.1, pp.1-7, 2003.
DOI : 10.1007/s00421-002-0741-y

A. Walshe and G. Wilson, The Influence of Musculotendinous Stiffness on Drop Jump Performance, Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.22, issue.2, pp.117-149, 1997.
DOI : 10.1139/h97-010

R. Butler and H. Crowell, Lower extremity stiffness: implications for performance and injury, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.18, issue.6, pp.511-518, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(03)00071-8

E. Eiling, A. Bryant, and W. Petersen, Effects of menstrual-cycle hormone fluctuations on musculotendinous stiffness and knee joint laxity, Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.21, issue.2, pp.126-158, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/s00167-006-0143-5

C. Milner, R. Ferber, and C. Pollard, Biomechanical Factors Associated with Tibial Stress Fracture in Female Runners, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.38, issue.2, pp.323-331, 2006.
DOI : 10.1249/01.mss.0000183477.75808.92

C. Milner, J. Hamill, and I. Davis, Are knee mechanics during early stance related to tibial stress fracture in runners?, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.22, issue.6, pp.697-703, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2007.03.003

J. Hamill, M. Moses, and J. Seay, Lower Extremity Joint Stiffness in Runners with Low Back Pain, Research in Sports Medicine, vol.17, issue.4, pp.260-73, 2009.
DOI : 10.1080/15438620903352057

M. Bishop, P. Fiolkowski, and B. Conrad, Athletic footwear, leg stiffness, and running kinematics, J Athl Train, vol.41, issue.4, pp.387-92, 2006.

C. Divert, H. Baur, and G. Mornieux, Stiffness Adaptations in Shod Running, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, vol.21, issue.4, pp.311-332, 2005.
DOI : 10.1123/jab.21.4.311

C. Divert, G. Mornieux, and P. Freychat, Barefoot-Shod Running Differences: Shoe or Mass Effect?, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.29, issue.6, pp.512-520, 2008.
DOI : 10.1055/s-2007-989233

Y. Blum, S. Lipfert, and A. Seyfarth, Effective leg stiffness in running, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.42, issue.14, pp.2400-2405, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.06.040

M. Brughelli and J. Cronin, A review of research on the mechanical stiffness in running and jumping: methodology and implications, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol.70, issue.5
DOI : 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2008.00769.x

M. Brughelli and J. Cronin, Influence of Running Velocity on Vertical, Leg and Joint Stiffness, Sports Medicine, vol.13, issue.4, pp.647-57, 2008.
DOI : 10.2165/00007256-200838080-00003

D. Coleman, D. Cannavan, and S. Horne, Leg stiffness in human running: Comparison of estimates derived from previously published models to direct kinematic???kinetic measures, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.45, issue.11, pp.1987-91, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2012.05.010

G. Dalleau, A. Belli, and F. Viale, A simple method for field measurements of leg stiffness in hopping, Int J Sports Med, vol.25, issue.3, pp.170-176, 2004.

J. Morin, G. Dalleau, and H. Kyrolainen, A Simple Method for Measuring Stiffness during Running, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, vol.21, issue.2, pp.167-80, 2005.
DOI : 10.1123/jab.21.2.167

B. Serpell, N. Ball, and J. Scarvell, A review of models of vertical, leg, and knee stiffness in adults for running, jumping or hopping tasks, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol.21, issue.2, pp.1347-63, 2012.
DOI : 10.1055/s-0028-1105930