Design and performance testing of a real-time PCR assay for sensitive and reliable direct quantification of Brettanomyces in wine

Abstract : Because the yeast Brettanomyces produces volatile phenols and acetic acid, it is responsible for wine spoilage. The uncontrolled accumulation of these molecules in wine leads to sensorial defects that compromise wine quality, The need for a rapid, specific, sensitive and reliable method to detect this spoilage yeast has increased over the last decade. All these requirements are met by real-time PCR. We here propose improvements of existing methods to enhance the robustness of the assay. Six different protocols to isolate DNA from a wine and three PCR mix compositions were tested, and the best method was selected. Insoluble PVPP addition during DNA extraction by a classical phenol:chloroform protocol succeeded in the relief of PCR inhibitors from wine. We developed an internal control which was efficient to avoid false negative results due to decreases in the efficiency of DNA isolation and/or amplification. The method was evaluated by an intra-laboratory study for its specificity, linearity, repeatability and reproducibility. A standard curve was established from 14 different wines artificially inoculated. The quantification limit was 31 cfu/mL (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 17, 2015 - 4:00:04 PM
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H. Tessonniere, S. Vidal, L. Barnavon, Herve Alexandre, Fabienne Remize. Design and performance testing of a real-time PCR assay for sensitive and reliable direct quantification of Brettanomyces in wine. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Elsevier, 2009, 129 (3), pp.237--243. ⟨10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2008.11.027⟩. ⟨hal-01201610⟩

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