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Paediatric intensive care admissions for respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in France: results of a retrospective survey and evaluation of the validity of a medical information system programme

Abstract : The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of patients with bronchiolitis admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU), and to evaluate a national registry of hospitalizations (Programme de Médicalisation des Systèmes d'Information; PMSI) as a potential source of epidemiological data. Of the 49 French PICUs invited to take part in a retrospective survey of children aged \textless2 years who were hospitalized during the 2005-2006 epidemic season, 24 agreed to participate. Overall, 467 children were enrolled: 75% were aged \textless2 months, 76% had positive respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) tests, 34·9% required non-invasive ventilation, 36·6% were mechanically ventilated, and six infants died. The main neonatal characteristics were: prematurity (31·9%), respiratory disease (16·5%), congenital heart disease (6·4%), receiving mechanical ventilation (11·6%), and bronchopulmonary dysplasia at day 28 (3·8%). For bronchiolitis episode, the kappa coefficient between the survey and PMSI data was good only for mechanical ventilation (0·63) and the death rate (0·86).
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https://hal.univ-reunion.fr/hal-01194213
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Submitted on : Saturday, September 5, 2015 - 9:48:09 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 10, 2020 - 2:06:49 PM

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A.-L. Soilly, Cyril Ferdynus, O. Desplanches, M. Grimaldi, Jean-Bernard Gouyon. Paediatric intensive care admissions for respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in France: results of a retrospective survey and evaluation of the validity of a medical information system programme. Epidemiology and Infection, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2012, 140 (4), pp.608--616. ⟨10.1017/S0950268811001208⟩. ⟨hal-01194213⟩

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