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La résistance des esclaves musulmans dans l’Amérique des Habsbourgs : naissance et développement d’un mythe

Abstract : Enslaving a free Muslim was unacceptable for Islam. However, many Africans who had been enslaved by the Portuguese in the fifteenth century belonged to ethnic groups who had already been converted to Islam so that in Seville “Jolofes” and “Mandingas” were not an uncommon sight. Actually, they openly behaved so as to show that they rebelled against their condition.The same resistance took place with more violence in the New World where the misery of slavery became even worse. As early as the beginning of the sixteenth century the “Jolofes” initiated many serious uprisings which threatened the very existence of the inchoate colonial society. As a result the transfer of muslim slaves to overseas colonies was made illegal by royal writs, wherever they came from. But the slave trade made the enforcement of these rules problematic and over the years the rebellious behavior of “mandingas” came to be considered a manifestation of the Devil, a notion which thrived in literary tradition.
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Jean-Pierre Tardieu. La résistance des esclaves musulmans dans l’Amérique des Habsbourgs : naissance et développement d’un mythe. Nuevo mundo Mundos Nuevos, CERMA, 2010, ⟨10.4000/nuevomundo.59309⟩. ⟨hal-01166187⟩

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