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Prospective Life Cycle Assessment: Effect of Electricity Decarbonization in Building Sector

Abstract : The building sector is responsible for 43% of France’s final energy consumption and is strongly associated with a high environmental impact due to its high consumption of energy and natural resources. These impacts are significant in isolated islands. Due to its geographical isolation and an area of 2512 km2, Reunion Island has a heavily carbon-based economy with a high import rate of raw materials for the building sector. This study aimed to investigate the effect of electricity mix decarbonization on residential house environmental impact. The methodology consists of three parts: (i) evaluating environmental impacts of Single-Family Houses (SFH) using life cyce assessment(LCA), (ii) defining SFH typologies using the K-means clustering algorithm, and (iii) implementing energy scenario in LCA of SFH to assess decarbonization effect. The environmental results were particularly sensitive in the operational phase, with a decrease of 83% between 2020 to 2040 of the global warming potential (GWP). The structural phase highlights the weight of imports in the building sector, as a decrease of only 1% is observed. This study clearly shows the necessary energy transition for Reunion Island. In the structural phase, the study recommends that stakeholders reduce imports and increase the share of recovered materials to achieve a substantial reduction in impacts.
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https://hal.univ-reunion.fr/hal-03241921
Contributor : Jean Philippe Praene <>
Submitted on : Saturday, May 29, 2021 - 2:52:55 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 30, 2021 - 9:40:13 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, August 30, 2021 - 6:06:44 PM

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Leslie Ayagapin, Jean-Philippe Praene, Doorgeshwaree Jaggeshar, Dinesh Surroop. Prospective Life Cycle Assessment: Effect of Electricity Decarbonization in Building Sector. Energies, MDPI, 2021, ⟨10.3390/en14113184⟩. ⟨hal-03241921⟩

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