Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
New interface
Theses

La légitimité d’une expertise scientifique à l’épreuve de sa médiatisation. Le cas de la controverse sur la gestion du risque d’attaques de requins à La Réunion (2011-2015)

Abstract : Shark attacks risk management represents the core of controversies in several countries, such as Australia, Brazil or France, and involves various parties: political decision-makers, sea users, green movement, scientists, media. This thesis focused on the media coverage of shark attacks in Reunion Island which was particularly intense from 2011 to 2015. The analysis questions the relationships between the parties related to their legitimacy, and mainly those related to the scientific research program mandated by the French State and the Regional Council of Reunion Island. The analysis of the media process participating to the social construction of the legitimacy of the scientific experts was carried out with a mixed method integrating a quantitative analysis of media contents coupled with a cross-analysis of parties’ representations. The points of view related to the failure of the experts to comply with the “social contract” of the scientific expertise, the different temporalities of each party, the way these parties manage the uncertainties, but also the values they share or not with others, condition the construction of the representations related to the social legitimacy of the scientific experts. This construction has an interpersonal component based on the shared values between parties, but also a systemic component, where trust relationships are already built at a structural level. Those relationships based on shared values question the place of scientific knowledge in an expertise and controversy situation. They also underline the importance to take into account the possible presence of local risk management cultures in the environmental controversies analysis.
Complete list of metadata

https://theses.hal.science/tel-03775140
Contributor : ABES STAR :  Contact
Submitted on : Monday, September 12, 2022 - 12:43:11 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 13, 2022 - 3:44:20 AM

File

2022LARE0010_B_LOSEN.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-03775140, version 1

Citation

Barbara Losen. La légitimité d’une expertise scientifique à l’épreuve de sa médiatisation. Le cas de la controverse sur la gestion du risque d’attaques de requins à La Réunion (2011-2015). Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université de la Réunion, 2022. Français. ⟨NNT : 2022LARE0010⟩. ⟨tel-03775140⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

51

Files downloads

9