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Itinéraires thérapeutiques de patients franc-comtois atteints du cancer

Abstract : The initial question of this research is at the confluence of various experiences, of sons, brothers, caregivers, patients, apprentice-anthropologists. With this thesis, it is above all a matter of better understanding the way in which people affected by cancer experience their disease and how they feel it in their own body. This is done by exploring what Anglo-Saxon anthropology and Arthur Kleinman (1980) name the "illness". This study also tries to understand why and how patients (including the author of the study), are likely to have recourse - or not - to therapies which are qualified as alternatives or unconventional as well as quantifying how much time is invested for the use of these therapies. Based on a reflexive anthropological approach, this study allows to set the limits of certain somewhat rigid categories present in the anthropological literature such as emic and etic. It also shows that the Biomedicine approach is generally the first chosen by patients. It is only secondly that they would turn to unconventional therapies in the form of complementary therapies. Unconventional therapies would then fill the hole left by the mechanistic biomedicine's lack of explanations regarding un-answer questions asked by patients trying to understand the meaning of their disease. For the patients, having recourse to alternative drugs or therapies appears as a way: of acting oneself on the cancerous disease, to take back power over it, to control it a little bit, to dilute the power of biomedicine, to try to take away part of its omnipotence, to slow down time, to maintain this relationship of sick person to person who heals. Would the rise of biomedicine have happened at the expense of forgetting certain fundamental human needs, such as the need to give meaning to the disease or the need to consider the therapeutic relationship in the form of a balanced relationship, from human to human, that would take into account the patient as a whole, with its physical, psychological and social sides?
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Submitted on : Friday, January 29, 2021 - 10:32:08 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 30, 2021 - 3:26:17 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 30, 2021 - 6:27:36 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03124984, version 1


Jean-François Humblot. Itinéraires thérapeutiques de patients franc-comtois atteints du cancer. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université de la Réunion, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LARE0031⟩. ⟨tel-03124984⟩



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