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Approche anthropologique de la pandémie de covid-19 : pratiques thérapeutiques néo-traditionnelles d’un fundi à l’île de La Réunion

Abstract : This article presents an ethnographic field survey carried out on Reunion Island during the first year of the covid-19 pandemic. This study concerns the neo-traditional therapeutic practices of a fundi originating from the Comoros archipelago. Our objective is to identify and analyze the mechanisms at work in the processes of reinterpreting biomedicine during this pandemic context. Our analysis shows how this collective ordeal is transformed into a professional resource by a fundi. Health recommendations such as containment measures and barrier gestures push the fundi to adapt its practice through the establishment of « ritual teleconsultations ». Our field also shows a fundi that gives meaning to this pandemic through plural explanatory models (biomedical and sacred) and the manufacture of talismanic objects called hirizi integrated into protective masks. The findings show the use of traditional syncretic therapy practices that are not new. In all cases, recourse to religion is omnipresent through magico-Islamic ritual practices, the fundi of which builds symbolic effectiveness by transposing them to the biomedical model.
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https://hal.univ-reunion.fr/hal-03710001
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 30, 2022 - 1:26:21 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 16, 2022 - 2:01:47 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, October 3, 2022 - 3:57:09 PM

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Sophien Horri, Thierry Malbert, Ségolène Meyssonier, Spodenkiewicz Michel. Approche anthropologique de la pandémie de covid-19 : pratiques thérapeutiques néo-traditionnelles d’un fundi à l’île de La Réunion. Carnets de Recherches de l'océan Indien, 2022, 8, pp.3-23. ⟨10.26171/carnets-oi_0801⟩. ⟨hal-03710001⟩

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