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Formability prediction using bifurcation criteria and GTN damage model

Abstract : In this paper, four plastic instability criteria, which are based on the bifurcation theory, are coupled with the GTN damage model for the prediction of diffuse and localized necking. General bifurcation (GB) criterion and limit-point bifurcation (LPB) criterion are used to predict diffuse necking, while loss of ellipticity (LOE) criterion and loss of strong ellipticity (LOSE) criterion are used to predict localized necking. The resulting constitutive equations and instability criteria are implemented into the finite element code ABAQUS/Standard. The constitutive equations are formulated within the framework of large deformations and fully three-dimensional approach. Since the developed numerical tools have intended applications mainly for thin sheet metals; therefore, the plane-stress conditions are considered within the instability criteria. The present contribution focuses on the effect of destabilizing mechanisms, due to non-associative plasticity and non-normal plastic flow rule, on the prediction of forming limit diagrams (FLDs). Theoretical classification of the bifurcation criteria, in terms of their order of prediction of critical necking strains, is first presented. Then, several variants of the GTN model are combined with the bifurcation criteria for the prediction of FLDs for fictitious materials. It is shown that the hierarchical prediction order of the different instability criteria is consistent with the theoretical classification, for all the considered variants of the GTN model. More specifically, it is shown that the GB criterion provides a lower bound to all bifurcation criteria, in terms of necking prediction, while the LOE criterion represents an upper bound.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 12, 2021 - 5:06:59 PM
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Muhammad Waqar Nasir, Hocine Chalal, Farid Abed-Meraim. Formability prediction using bifurcation criteria and GTN damage model. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Elsevier, 2021, 191, pp.106083. ⟨10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2020.106083⟩. ⟨hal-03225596⟩

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