Evaluation of antioxidant properties of major dietary polyphenols and their protective effect on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and red blood cells exposed to oxidative stress

Abstract : Obesity has been associated with a marked risk of metabolic diseases and requires therapeutic strategies. Changes in redox status with increased oxidative stress in adipose tissue have been linked with obesity-related disorders. Thus, the biological effect of antioxidants such as polyphenols is of high interest. We aimed to measure antioxidant capacities of 28 polyphenols representative of main dietary phenolic acids, flavonoids, stilbenes and curcuminoids. Then, 14 molecules were selected for the evaluation of their effect on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and human red blood cells exposed to oxidative stress. Analysis of reducing and free radical-scavenging capacities of compounds revealed antioxidant properties related to their structure, with higher activities for flavonoids such as quercetin and epicatechin. Their effects on preadipocytes’ viability also depended on their structure, dose and time of exposure. Interestingly, most of the compounds exhibited a protective effect on preadipocytes exposed to oxidative stress, by reversing H2O2-induced anti-proliferative action and reactive oxygen species production. Polyphenols also exerted an anti-inflammatory effect on preadipocytes exposed to H2O2 by reducing IL-6 secretion. Importantly, such antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects were observed in co-exposition (polyphenol and prooxidant during 24 h) or pretreatment (polyphenol during 24 h, then prooxidant for 24 h) conditions. Moreover, compounds protected erythrocytes from AAPH radical-induced lysis. Finally, these results led to demonstrate that antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of polyphenols may depend on structure, dose, time of exposure and cell conditioning with oxidative stress. Such findings should be considered for a better understanding of polyphenols’ benefits in strategies aiming to prevent obesity-related diseases.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Free Radical Research, Taylor & Francis, 2014, 48 (4), pp.387 - 401. 〈10.3109/10715762.2013.879985〉
Liste complète des métadonnées

http://hal.univ-reunion.fr/hal-01475677
Contributeur : Réunion Univ <>
Soumis le : vendredi 24 février 2017 - 05:45:15
Dernière modification le : mercredi 7 février 2018 - 08:48:01

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

Sarah Hatia, Axelle Septembre-Malaterre, F. Le Sage, Alexandra Badiou-Bénéteau, Pascal Baret, et al.. Evaluation of antioxidant properties of major dietary polyphenols and their protective effect on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and red blood cells exposed to oxidative stress. Free Radical Research, Taylor & Francis, 2014, 48 (4), pp.387 - 401. 〈10.3109/10715762.2013.879985〉. 〈hal-01475677〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

60