Anisotropy beneath the Pyrenees Range from teleseismic shear wave splitting: Results from a test experiment

Abstract : We have investigated the seismic anisotropy from SKS and SKKS wave splitting along a N-S profile perpendicular to the Pyrenean mountain belt. The line crossed the North Pyrenean Fault (NPF), which probably represents the plate boundary between the European and the Iberian plates. We observed large delay times δt (1.3 to 1.5 s) and uniform fast polarization directions ϕ (N100E) at three stations located on the Iberian plate. On the other hand, δt are smaller (0.5–1.0 s) and the ϕ scattered at stations located north of the NPF. The small scale variability, the relation with surface geology and the correlation of the δt with lithospheric thickness suggest that the anisotropy could be predominantly of lithospheric origin. However, an asthenospheric contribution cannot be ruled out. In the North Pyrenean Zone, an important thermal event before the Pyrenean compression has likely erased the former mantle fabric. The observed anisotropy is then likely related to the Pyrenean orogeny. On the Iberian plate, our splitting parameters are similar to those obtained at two stations located on Hercynian structures in Central Spain. This suggests that two contributions are likely superposed to that of the Pyrenean built up: one related to the Hercynian orogeny and the other one related to the rotation of the Iberian plate.
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Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 1995, 22 (4), pp.493-496. 〈10.1029/94GL03225〉
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Guilhem Barruol, Annie Souriau. Anisotropy beneath the Pyrenees Range from teleseismic shear wave splitting: Results from a test experiment. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 1995, 22 (4), pp.493-496. 〈10.1029/94GL03225〉. 〈hal-01389118〉

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