Physiopathologie de l'arthrite chronique post-chikungunya chez l'homme

Abstract : Chronic arthritis following chikungunya infection has no specific treatment. Studies on mice have confirmed involvement of fibroblasts and myoblasts as target cells replicating the virus and shown that macrophages play a key role in the innate immune response involving multiple cytokines and chimiokines. Paradoxically, TH1 and TH2 cytokine levels do not increase significantly during the acute and chronic phases, with the exception of interferon-gamma and IL12 that rise dramatically during the acute phase. The level of IL12 returns to normal in patients who recover. In contrast, patients who develop chronic arthritis show persistently high IL12 levels along with IFN-alpha within PBMC. Histologic examination of synovia reveals joint inflammation due to macrophages containing viral material. Metallo-protease (MMP2) also contributes to tissue damage. Chikungunya virus leads to apoptosis by both the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways.
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Marie-Christine Jaffar-Bandjee, Philippe Gasque. Physiopathologie de l'arthrite chronique post-chikungunya chez l'homme. Medecine Tropicale, Institut de Medecine Tropicale, 2012, 72, pp.86--87. ⟨hal-01285455⟩

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