Mouse macrophage innate immune response to Chikungunya virus infection

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Infection with Chikungunya alphavirus (CHIKV) can cause severe arthralgia and chronic arthritis in humans with persistence of the virus in perivascular macrophages of the synovial membrane by mechanisms largely ill-characterized. FINDINGS: We herein analysed the innate immune response (cytokine and programmed cell death) of RAW264.7 mouse macrophages following CHIKV infection. We found that the infection was restrained to a small percentage of cells and was not associated with a robust type I IFN innate immune response (IFN-α4 and ISG56). TNF-α, IL-6 and GM-CSF expression were upregulated while IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10 or IL-17 expression could not be evidenced prior to and after CHIKV exposure. Although CHIKV is known to drive apoptosis in many cell types, we found no canonical signs of programmed cell death (cleaved caspase-3, -9) in infected RAW264.7 cells. CONCLUSION: These data argue for the capacity of CHIKV to infect and drive a specific innate immune response in RAW264.7 macrophage cell which seems to be polarized to assist viral persistence through the control of apoptosis and IFN signalling.
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Virology Journal, BioMed Central, 2012, 9, pp.313. 〈10.1186/1743-422X-9-313〉
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Shiril Kumar, Marie-Christine Jaffar-Bandjee, Claude Giry, Léa Connen de Kerillis, Andres Merits, et al.. Mouse macrophage innate immune response to Chikungunya virus infection. Virology Journal, BioMed Central, 2012, 9, pp.313. 〈10.1186/1743-422X-9-313〉. 〈hal-01285443〉

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