Animal leptospirosis in small tropical areas

Abstract : Leptospirosis is the most widespread zoonosis in the world. Humans become infected through contact with the urine of carrier animals, directly or via contaminated environments. This review reports available data on animal leptospirosis in ten tropical islands: Barbados, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Grenada, Trinidad, New Caledonia, Hawaii, French Polynesia, La Réunion and Mayotte. Leptospirosis is endemic in these insular wild and domestic fauna. Each island presents a specific panel of circulating serovars, closely linked with animal and environmental biodiversity, making it epidemiologically different from the mainland. Rats, mongooses and mice are proven major renal carriers of leptospires in these areas but dogs also constitute a significant potential reservoir. In some islands seroprevalence of leptospirosis in animals evolves with time, inducing changes in the epidemiology of the human disease. Consequently more investigations on animal leptospirosis in these ecosystems and use of molecular tools are essential for prevention and control of the human disease.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Epidemiology and Infection, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2011, 139 (2), pp.167--188. 〈10.1017/S0950268810002074〉
Liste complète des métadonnées
Contributeur : Réunion Univ <>
Soumis le : mardi 16 février 2016 - 08:42:55
Dernière modification le : jeudi 25 octobre 2018 - 18:12:01




Amélie Desvars, Eric Cardinale, Alain Michault. Animal leptospirosis in small tropical areas. Epidemiology and Infection, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2011, 139 (2), pp.167--188. 〈10.1017/S0950268810002074〉. 〈hal-01274618〉



Consultations de la notice