Effect of long-term physical activity practice after cardiac rehabilitation on some risk factors

Abstract : The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of long-term physical activity practice after a cardiac rehabilitation program on weight, physical capacity and arterial compliance. The Dijon Physical Activity Score was used to identify two groups: sedentary and active. Weight, distance at the 6-min walk test and the small artery elasticity indice were measured at the beginning, at the end of the rehabilitation program and at 18.3±5.3 months after. After the cardiac rehabilitation, sedentary patients showed a significant increase in weight and a significant reduction in distance on the 6-min walk test and in the arterial compliance. Active patients did not show any alteration in these parameters. We concluded that, after a cardiac rehabilitation program, the sedentary lifestyle has a negative influence on weight, physical capacity and arterial compliance, which are major markers of risk factors. In contrast, the practice of physical activity preserves these parameters.
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Céline Freyssin, Philippe Blanc, Chantal Verkindt, Sébastien Maunier, Fabrice Prieur. Effect of long-term physical activity practice after cardiac rehabilitation on some risk factors. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2011, 34 (4), pp.357--359. ⟨10.1097/MRR.0b013e3283498b0e⟩. ⟨hal-01232328⟩

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