Spatial planning and sustainable development through multi-agent simulation: lessons from Reunion

Abstract : Natural and social systems are the subject of many studies aimed at understanding their characteristic dynamics and functioning. These systems are characterized by a great variety of interaction between their components and by the fact that often, at different levels, collective phenomena give rise to emergent properties. Simulation, that creates an abstraction of a system as it evolve through time, is a particularly appropriate methodology for studying systems that are inaccessible through direct observation and measurement, either because they cannot be reproduced or because they cannot be directly experimented with. Since such systems may be conceptually described in terms of interacting entities endowed with a certain autonomy in a spatial environment, Multi-agent systems simulation have come to the fore in recent times as a relevant modelling approach. I propose to present and discuss lessons learned through several projects modelling projects performed in Reunion Island, a French overseas territory of 2512 square kilometres in the Western Indian Ocean which lead a project on a global scale to achieve energy self-sufficiency by 2030. The Island is perfectly suited to conduct simulation experiments: it is a small multi-ethnic territory with a fast growing population and many geographic constraints, but also many opportunities in sustainable development and requires that any decision should be based on a spatially explicit understanding of complex ecological systems and their interactions with social systems. Two applications in particular will be discussed, one dedicated to the collective management of agricultural biomass and a second to the management on land-use planning driven by the population dynamics and its distribution in the territory.
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Communication dans un congrès
Grantham Institute for Climate Change Talks, May 2013, Londres, United Kingdom. 2013
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http://hal.univ-reunion.fr/hal-01187202
Contributeur : Nicolas Alarcon <>
Soumis le : mercredi 26 août 2015 - 12:39:28
Dernière modification le : dimanche 5 novembre 2017 - 15:58:04

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  • HAL Id : hal-01187202, version 1

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Rémy Courdier. Spatial planning and sustainable development through multi-agent simulation: lessons from Reunion. Grantham Institute for Climate Change Talks, May 2013, Londres, United Kingdom. 2013. 〈hal-01187202〉

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